Our object, in writing the History of the Forty-eighth Ohio, was to preserve the record of a Regiment whose services, extending over a period of nearly five years, had gained for it the reputation of having done its whole duty, whether in camp, on the march, or in the trying hour of battle, as attested by its Brigade and Division Commanders.
We began arranging and compiling the material, consisting of our old army letters, diaries, company record, official reports, etc. etc., in 1870, and had it ready for the press in 1873; but owing to various causes we have delayed its publication until the present time.
We were both present with the Regiment, from the time we joined it at Camp Dennison, in October, 1861, until one made his escape from prison, in August, 1864, and the other, until mustered out in January, 1865; therefore we were eye-witnesses to, and participated in, the varied events narrated.
The record, from January, 1865, until the final muster-out, May 10, 1866, was furnished principally by Lieut. James Douglas. We are also indebted to Lieut. W. J. Srofe for many items covering the same period.
In conclusion, we will say to the surviving members of the Regiment, that we do not claim any merit for this volume as a literary production. It is simply a narration of events, as seen by us, and was written at intervals, as the time could be spared from a busy life. Should it meet the approbation of our comrades, and be the means of perpetuating the deeds and memory of those who gave up their lives for the cause for which we fought, we will feel ourselves fully compensated for our labor. J. A. B. AND T. M.
LYNCHBURG, HIGHLAND CO., O.,
The Fall of Fort Sumpter - President's call for Volunteers - Organization of a Company at Lynchburg - Recruiting at Camp Harvey - Muster-in at Webertown - Farewell Sermon. pp. 1 - 5
Leaving Lynchburg - Arrival at Camp Dennison - Assigned to Quarters - Drill - Uniforms - Tents - Visits of Citizens of Lynchburg - Presentation of Swords - New Quarters - First Payment - Full Companies - Regiment Full - Field and Staff'- Band - Monotony of Camp Life. pp. 6 - 11
Marching Orders - Steamboat Ride Down the Ohio - Paducah - Without Arms - Rumors of an Attack - Armed with Austrian Rifles - Up the Tennessee - Fort Henry - Hog Mountain - First Shot - Savannah - Pittsburg Landing - Death of Capt. Ireland - Rebel Graves - Disembarking - First Camp, pp. 12 - 16
Camp at Shiloh Church - Reconnoisance - Lieut. Greer Captured - Orders for Strict Watch - Battle Imminent - The Attack of April 6th - Long-Roll - In Line of Battle - To the Support of the Pickets - Counter-March - Second Line of Battle - The Rebel Charge and Repulse - Arrival of Capt. Hammond - Orders to Retreat - New Position - Repulse of the Enemy - Camp of the 81st Ohio - Arrival at the Landing - Advance to Support a Battery - The Rebel Charge - Their Repulse and Retreat - Arrival of Gen. Buell's Troops - Night - Rain. pp. 17 - 24
Battle of the Seventh - The Final Rout - Reoccupying Our Camps - The Battle-field - Burial of the Dead - Following the Enemy on the Eighth - The Attack on the 77th Ohio - The 48th Ohio to Their Support - Return to Camp - Our Dead and Wounded - Extracts from the Cincinnati Dailies - The Battle No Surprise - Loss in Both Armies - Extracts from Gen. Sherman's Official Report - Arrival of the Sanitary Commission - Gen. Halleck Takes Command - Band Discharged - Drill. pp. 25 - 40
On the Road to Corinth - Order to March - Joke on Sergeant Reed - First Earthworks - Second Advance - Camp Number Six - Engagement at tbe Russell House - Talk with tbe Rebel Pickets - Separation of Mother and Child - Last Line of Earthworks - Evacuation of Corinth - The Pursuit and Return - Comparison of the Two Armies. pp. 41 - 50
On to Memphis - Visit of Thomas Peale, Esq., of Lynchburg - Return of Lieut. Col. Parker - La-Grange - Moscow - Lafayette - Newton and the Snake - Return to Moscow - March to Holly Springs and Return - Contrabands - On the March to Memphis - White Station - Memphis - Camp at Fort Pickering - Maj. Wise and Lieut. Fields Resign - Return of Absentees - On Provost Guard - Cincinnati Reported Captured - Trip to Randolph - Rebel Cotton Burners. pp. 51 - 59
Expedition for Vicksburg - Marching Orders - Down the Mississippi - Milliken's Bend - Up the Yazoo - March Through the Swamps - First Attack on Vicksburg - Picketing - Evacuation - Up the Mississippi and Arkansas Rivers - Arkansas Post - Battle and Capture of the Garrison - Loss in Killed and Wounded. pp. 60 - 68
Return Down the River - Napoleon - Young's Point - Digging the Canal - Overflowed - Scheme Abandoned - Pioneer Corps - Promotions - Arrival of General Grant - New Camp - Milliken's Bend - Change of Surgeons - Paymaster - Complimentary Order - Major Moats - Military Board - Seventeenth Ohio Battery. pp. 69 - 74
Marching Orders - To the Rear of Vicksburg - Holmes' Plantation - Extract from General Sherman's "Memoirs" - Our Gun-boats Passing the Vicksburg Batteries - Smith's Landing - Return of Lieut. Col. Parker - Lake St. Joe - Grand Gulf - Crossing the Mississippi at Bruinsburg - Battle of Magnolia Hills - Port Gibson - Grind-Stone Ford - Foragers - Rocky Springs - Willow Springs - Cayuga - Gen. Sherman's Visit - Old Auburn - Raymond - Battle of Champion Hills - Black River Bridge. pp. 75 - 84
Assault on the Nineteenth - Attack on the Twentieth - Charge on the Twenty-Second - Our Flag on the Rebel Fort - Retreat After Night - Killed and Wounded - Extract from Cincinnati Commercial - Flag of Truce - Burying the Dead - Picketing and Mining - Blowing Up of Fort Hill - Surrender of Vicksburg, July 4th. pp. 85 - 95
Marching Orders for Jackson - Excessive Heat - Siege of Jackson - Gen. Johnston Evacuates - Return to Vicksburg - Furloughs - Col. P. J. Sullivan Resigns - Steamer "City of Madison" Blown Up - Embarking for New Orleans - Camp at Carrollton - Grand Review by Gens. Grant and Banks - Extract from New Orleans Era. pp. 96 - 106
Ordered to Western Louisiana - Berwick City - Teche Country - Franklin - Orange Groves - Election for Governor of Ohio - Guarding Steamers on the Teche - Surprise of the First Brigade - New Iberia - Foraging - Protection Papers. pp. 107 - 111
Ordered to New Orleans-Embarking for Texas - Trip Across the Gulf - De Crow's Point - Dog-Tents - Distributing the Amnesty Proclamation - Planting the Flag in Texas - Skirmish Drill - Fishing and Gathering Shells - Short Rations - Cold New Year - Veterans - Ordered on Board a Condemned Vessel - Return to New Orleans - Re-enlisting - Veteran Medals - Promotions. pp. 112 - 125
Ordered to Franklin - Guarding Pontoon Train - Alexandria - Natchitoches - Capture of Pavy and McCune - Guarding the Wagon Train - Battle of Sabine Cross Roads - Out of Ammunition - Enemy in the Rear - Retreat Cut Off - Capture - On Our Way to Prison - Extracts from Gen. Ransom's Official Report - Number Captured - Extracts from Report of Committee on Conduct of the War - The Rebel General Taylor's Report of the Battle - First Night as Prisoners - Confederate Rations - School House - Marshall - Flag Song. pp. 126 - 151
Arrival at Camp Ford - The Stockade - Building Huts - Col. Allen Relieved by Col. Border - Adjutant McEachan - "Keno" - Tied Up by the Thumbs - Rations Cut Off - The Famous Order, "Kill All Recaptured Prisoners" - New Recruits from Gen. Steel's Army - Building Hospital - Poisonous Insects - Fourth of July Celebration - Exchange of One Thousand Prisoners - New "Cart-el" - Tunneling - Our Flag in Prison - Different Trades - Inflation Prices - Old Citizen Dumped - Brutal Treatment of Prisoners - Escape of Maj. Bering and Lieut. Srofe - New Commander. pp. 152 - 170
Paroled - Leaving Camp Ford - Arrival at Four-Mile Spring - Maj. Bering and Lieut. Srofe on Their Way Back to Prison - Journey to Grand Ecore - Camped at Alexandria - Arrival at the Mississippi - Exchanged - The Old Flag - New Orleans - Col. Dwight - Natchez - Provost Guard - Consolidated with the 83d Ohio - Home on Veteran Furlough. pp. 171 - 180
Preparation for Active Service Again - Brigaded with Colored Troops - Embarking for New Orleans - Arrival at Barrancas, Fla. - Prison Veterans Rejoin from Furlough - Pascagoula - Ft. Blakely Invested - The Charge and Capture - Up the Alabama River - Selma - Return to Mobile - Explosion of Rebel Ammunition - Ordered to Texas - Arrival at Galveston -- Muster-Out of the 83d Ohio - The Old 48th Ohio Itself Again - Ordered to Houston - Break-Bone Fever - Back to Galveston - Promotions On Various Duties - Final Muster-Out - Arrival at Columbus - Home and a Quiet Life - Reid's History of the 48th Ohio - Testimonials of Brigade and Division Commanders. pp. 181 - 197
THE ESCAPE AND RE-CAPTURE OF MAJ. J. A. BERING AND LIEUT. W. J. SROFE. CHAPTER I.
Preparing Rations - The Forged Pass - Concealed in Sight of Prison - "Ten O'Clock and All's Well" - Crossing the Sabine River - Crossing the Bridge at the Mill - The Blood-Hounds on Our Trail - Run into a Trap - Hounds Baffled - Escape - Man with a Gun - Passing Around a Village - An All Night Tramp - Moonlight View of the Country - Hounds on the Trail Again - Narrow Escape from the Hounds - Parching Corn Under Difficulties - Lost in a Dark Swamp - Waiting for the Moon to Rise. pp. 201 - 215
Making a Raft-Crossing Little Cypress - Wading the Overflowed Bottoms - Crossing Big Cypress - Crossing Sulphur Fork - Wading and Swimming - Pass for a Rebel Deserter - Begging for Something to Eat - Relating Camp Rumors - Journey Interrupted by Rain - Capturing a Slave on a mule - In the Indian Territory - Out of Our Course - Conversation with Three Slaves - The First Dinner - Carried Down the Stream - A Night Among the Owls and Mosquitos - Fording Little River. pp. 216 - 228
The Arkansas Hills - The Hum of the Spinning-Wheel - The Last Match - Roast Pumpkin and Parched Corn - Almost Home - Re-Captured - Bound With Ropes - A Retrograde Movement - Another Unfortunate Yankee On Exhibition - Entertained by Young Ladies - The Old Lady's Lecture on the War - Sent to Washington, Arkansas - The Guests in the Parlor - In the Court House - Offer of "Jewelry" - Rebel Officers on a Spree - On the Road to Camden - Battle Field of Prairie d'Ann - Eating Two Days' Rations for Supper - Slaughter of the Colored Troops - No Quarter. pp. 229 - 240
In the Cotton-Shed at Camden - Pandemonium - Sent to the Hospital - On the Road Again - Guarded by Blood-Hounds - Prisoners Lassoed - Wading Through a Stream by Request - Arrival et Shreveport - Meeting Our Regiment Homeward Bound - Our First Mail - No Water for "Yankees" - Camp Ford - Home Again - Sentenced - Our New Cabin - Northers - Presidential Election - Tramping in the Ring. pp. 241 - 255
The Rebel Army Ordered to Richmond, Va. - The Troops Refuse to Cross the Mississippi - Invasion of Missouri - Rebel Soldiers Plundering their Own People - Burial of the Beef - Plot to Overpower the Guards - 1,200 Prisoners Exchanged - Their Condition When They Reached New Orleans - The Last Ditch - Foreign Intervention - Lee's Surrender - The War to Last Forty Years Longer - "The Gates Ajar" - The Homeward Journey - Under the Old Flag - Mustered Out - Description of Camp Ford, Three Months After our Departure - Destruction of Camp Ford. pp. 256 - 272
Additional List of Killed and Wounded of the 48th Ohio Vet. Vols. - List of Officers of the 13th Army Corps, Prisoners at Camp Ford, Texas - Roster of the Commissioned Officers of the 48th Ohio Vet. Vols. pp. 273 - 284
ERRATUM On page 64, line 14, for 40,000 men, read 30,000.
Scanned from a copy of the original 10/97 - 12/99 by Don D. Worth, firstname.lastname@example.org
While this book is in the public domain, this digitization is Copyright 1999, Don D. Worth,
and may not be published or reproduced without permission.
Note on Editions: Two printings of this edition are thought to have existed. The first printing is represented here and has 284 pages. A subsequent printing was done with 290 pages. The only difference between the printings appears to be the addition of a roster for Company C to the appendix of the book. Both printings have the same copyright date (1880) and the erratum is not corrected in the second printing.
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