Lt. Col. Joseph W. Lindsey
Biography by S.
Photographs and Additional Materials Provided by Ruth Beechem
Lieut. Col. J. W. Lindsey became commander of the 48th Ohio when Col. Sullivan resigned August 9, 1863. He commanded until Col. Parker again resumed command at Natchez, Mississippi in November 2, 1864.
Lieut. Col. Lindsey commanded the brigade during the battle of Sabine Crossroads because the brigade commander was sick. This left Major J. A. Bering in Command of the regiment during that battle. It was during the Battle of Sabine Crossroads that the 48th was captured.
During the battle of Shiloh, where he was wounded, J. W. Lindsey was a Lieutenant in Co. B. He was promoted to Captain and after the death of Major Motes often acted as Lieut. Col. Parker's second in command during the period Col. Sullivan was in Memphis serving on a commission. Capt. J. W. Lindsey was promoted to the vacancy created when Lieut. Col. Parker was mistakenly thought to have resigned. He served as Col. Sullivan's second in command during Sherman's campaign around Jackson, Miss. then assumed command of the regiment upon Col. Sullivan's resignation and commanded the regiment during the fateful Red River Campaign.
Col. J. W. Lindsey
Col. J. W. Lindsey
with his wife
Col. Lindsey's obituary: Delaware Gazette abstracts 1900-1904.
January 24, 1902 - Colonel J.W. Lindsey passed peacefully away last Wednesday at his home on Pennsylvania Avenue. He was born in Pike Co. Ohio March 23, 1830, and came to Delaware in 1852. After graduating from Ohio Wesleyan Univ. in 1858, he became a permanent resident of the city, and has resided here since that time, with the exception of the years spent in the army. He achieved the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. For many yeas he was a prominent business man in the city, conducting a bookstore on N. Sandusky St. The last time he was able to be out was Thanksgiving day, and since that time his health has gradually failed on account of dropsy. He is the last of a family of six children, his father and mother having died while he was attending college. Surviving him is his widow. Their only child having died many years ago. The funeral conducted by Dr. J.F. Shaffer, will be at St. John's English Lutheran Church.
January 28, 1902 - Obituary - Col. J.W. Lindsey was born in Pike Co. OH March 23, 1830 and was within 3 mo. of 72 yrs. when he died last Wednesday. He remained in the county of his birth until 1852; when he came to Delaware & entered O.W.U., graduating in 1858. During this time his mother and father died. He being the eldest of six children, he assumed responsibility and care of his brothers and sisters. At the age of 31 yrs. he enlisted as a private in Co. C of the 4th O.V.I. and entered the Civil War. After service of five months, he was promoted to Second Lieutenant an subsequently transferred to the 48th Reg't. O.V.I. and was regularly promoted until he received the rank of Lt. Col. He was wounded at Pittsburgh Landing. He also participated in Gen. Bank's Red River expedition, where he was wounded and taken prisoner, carried to Mansfield, LA. Here he remained for three months, then was exchanged, and returned to Camp Chase, OH, after which he returned to his regiment. On August 11th, 1864 he was married to Adelia Evans, Bishop Thompson conducted the service. The following year Mr. Lindsey embarked in the merchandise of books in this city, which he continued until 1896, viz: 31 yrs. Though Col Lindsey was the eldest of six, yet he outlived them all.... Written by Rev. J.F. Shaffer
Joseph and Adelia Lindsey's home at
229 N. Sandusky St., Delaware, Ohio
ADELIA E. LINDSEY, WIDOW OF JOSEPH W. LINDSEY
BOX 47156, BUNDLE 23
Joseph W. Lindsey, Co. 4, Reg't Ohio Inf (3 mos) was enrolled Apr. 21, 1861 and x, 1861
From Apr 20, 1861 to Aug 22, 1861 he held the rank of pvt and during that period the rolls show him present except as follows:
- MO roll Co C 4 Ohio Inf dated Aug 22/61 reports sent home on furlough.
- Joseph W. Lindsey, Co. B 48 Regt Ohio Inf. Was enrolled Oct. 10, 1861 and MO Jan. 17, 1865 as of F & I? To which transf Nov 1/63
- From Em? To Dec 13/61 he held the rank of 2 lt; then 1 lt to June 24/62 then Capt to Aug 2 of 63 then lt col to date of MO and rolls show him present except as follows:
- Apr 30/62 absent, wounded in Battle of Shiloh Apr. 6 and left in Hospl at Camp Shiloh, and same June 30/62.
- Aug 18/62 absent at home in Ohio
- Aug 31/62 present, returned to duty Aug 26/62
- Aug 2/63 absent Det? By ? 112 St 2 13 AC Aug 9,/63
- Det MR? Aug 31/63 present at Camp Dennison, Ohio with Recruiting Party.
- Dec 31/63 absent. Detached for recruiting service
- Apr 30/64, absent. Missing in action Battle Sabine Xroads Apr-64
- Oct 31/64 (6 mos muster) absent, wounded Apr 87? North on parole
- Prisoner of War Records report "Captured at Sabine Xroads Apr 8/64. Paroled at Red River ? June 14/64. Repts at New Orleans June - 64, leave of absence granted June 20/64 for 20 days.
- Repts at CC Ohio July 27/64. Absent with leave Aug 16/64 for 30 days, returned Sept 16, 1864. Exchanged and sent to field Dec. 20/64
- The medical records show him as J. W. Lindsey, Capt, Co. B, 48 Ohio slightly wounded in action at Shiloh, Tenn. Apr 6 & 7/62: treated allay 6 & 7/62 Ty/ch ..? May 10/62 to -- ?? without leave??
- Cts? Lindsay, Col. 48th Ohio I?? 8/64 (? Diagnosis) so J. W. Lindsey Lieut Col. 48th Ohio Inf. Wounded in right arm in action at Mansfield, LA Apr 8/64.
- A medical certificate on which to ground an application for leave of absence, signed by A E Wighon, M.D., sworn to before a Justice of the Peace, and dated Delaware, Ohio June 25/62 on file in this office shows the soldier ill from the effects of hepatitis, a recent attack, and that in consequence of which having fully recovered from a hyp..boliocus attack restrained while in service, he is very much prostrated. Nothing additional..
- It has this day August 2, 1895 been determined by this Dept from records on file and evidence furnished by the auditor for the War Dept. that this man was discharged the service as private, Co. C 4 Ohio Inf August 21, 1861, his company having been mustered out of service on that date, he being at the time at home on furlough.
(above from War Department, record and pension division (dated Aug 2, 1895)
- " June 26th, 1895 Declaration for an Original Invalid Pension: Col. Lindsey was sixty-five years of age, living in Delaware, OH
Military Service (from other documents)
- April 1861: Enrolled at Private in Company C of the 4th Regiment of Ohio Infantry commanded by Col. Lorin Andrews (Decl. For Orig. Pension)
- April 6, 1862: "Wounded at Shiloh Church in the State of Tennessee in battle in the right arm and a few days thereafter was prostrated with a severe attack of Billions Fever which was soon followed by a severe and dangerous attack of acute hepatitis which became chronic " (Declaration for an original invalid pension)
- May 8th, 1864 G.S.W. of right arm incurred - and notes that both wounds (also listing 1862) giving amount of disability (Bureau of Pensions document dated May 14, 1897)
- January 17, 1865: Discharged at Natchez, Miss. As Lt. Col. Of the 48th Ohio VVI
- Height: 5' 11" (Decl. For Orig Invalid Pension)
- From physical exam August 14, 1895: Pulse Rate sitting 92, respiration 20; temperature 98-1/2; height 5 feet 11 inches; weight 168; age 65 years. Applicant is well nourished. Fair complexion, skin normal, tongue proved brown.
- From physical exam June 9, 1897: Pulse Rate 100 (?), respiration 20; temperature 98; height 5 feet 11 inches; weight 150; age 67 (can't read phys name) (drawing shows location of bullet entrance and exit positions in right arm)
- Occupation: Bookseller (Decl. For Orig Invalid Pension)
- Died January 22, 1902 (handwritten letter; also Accrued Pension document August 18, 1897)
- Dropped from the roll because of death Jan. 24, 1924. (Drop report - Pensioner)
- January, 1898 Joseph W. Lindsey living at Sandusky Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Delaware, OH
- January 24, 1902 letter from W. R. Warnock, M. C. 8 Dist. Of Ohio: "Col. Joseph W. Lindsey of Delaware Ohio is at present confined to his bed, requiring the attendance of a nurse continuously. He is in very straightened circumstances, financially, in fact almost dependent on charity. The case is a most urgent one, and, as these facts are personally known to me, I ask that the case be made special. If an examination is necessary, it will have to be made at Col. Lindsay's home."
Col. Lindsey's physicians
- Dr. Williams, Delaware, Ohio - examined him August 14, 1895
- Dr. T. B. Williams late surgeon 121st OVI
- Dr. Waglen (Dr. Wigters of Delaware, OH per Applicant's affidavit)
- Dr. W. A. McCracken, surgeon or assistant surgeon of our Ohio Regiment (see applicant affidavit)
- Dr. Arthur E. Evans (his wife's uncle), 145 E. Long St., Columbus, Franklin Co., O., a graduate of Miami Medical College of 1882 - and in Sept 1901 treated him by means of TELEPHONE (May 22, 1900 states he has been practicing medicine for 18 years)
- Dr. A. A. Johnson, 48th OVI (see Applicant's Affidavit)
- Surgeon Phyn A. Willis 48th OVI (see Applicant's Affidavit)
- Surgeon Alcorn? Of Ohio (see Applicant's Affidavit)
The widow Adelia E. Lindsay
- May 20, 1902: Filed for widow's pension: living at corner of Pennsylvania Avenue and Franklin Street, Delaware, Ohio - pension $17
- (Rec'd 4/28/1902): Appointed Jarrus R. Lytle her attorney to prosecute the claim
- 10/18/1916 Declaration for Widows' pension: Was 74 years of age, having been born August 28, 1842 at Richland County, Ohio (address Delaware, Ohio % Aged Peoples Home)
- February 20, 1924 Application for Reimbursement: Filed by Gail T. Mack, Franklin County, Ohio (living at 1143 Wyandot Road, Columbus, Franklin, Ohio)- Pension of Joseph W. Lindsay last paid to January 4, 1924 - Deceased Pensioner: Adelia E. Lindsay, Widow, had been sick for past twenty-five years - no physician
- McNamara Co undertaker unpaid $105.00
- M. W. Battanfield Cemetery paid $13.00 ----------- Total $118.00
- Bureau of Pensions document dated Nov. 18, 1898
- No. 1 Are you a married man..? Yes. Adelia Evans Lindsey Adelia Evans
- No. 2 When, where and by whom were you married? August 11, 1864 at Delaware Ohio by Edward Thomson Bishop M. E. Church
- No. 3 What record of marriage exists? Probate court record Delaware County, Ohio and Notice published in Cincinnati Commercial.
- No. 4 Were you previously married? No
- No. 5 Have you any children living? No (completed by Joseph W. Lindsey)
- Nancy M. Williams and Edward Welch: reside in Delaware, Oh. - neighbors and intimately acquainted with J W Lindsey and wife
- Evaline E. Thomson, aged 52, resident of Delaware, OH - In Dept of Interior June 2, 1896 document states that she is a friend of his sisters and was at their home very often .. was in the Spring of 65 that he came home
- Howard A. Evans Aug. 22, 1896 aged 46, resident of Perry Tp, Franklin County, Ohio - Has known Joseph W. Lindsey for 36 years
- Abbie Evans Kerr, McKeesport, PA July 15, 1897: States she lived in the same city with him for a long time
- Cohen? S. Conklin and E. M. Wickham residing at Delaware, OH 6/8/1898
- Handwritten letter by Joseph W. Lindsey to pension office June 6th, 1896 Delaware, Ohio: "My place of residence is now and has been since my discharge from the Army Delaware, Ohio. My occupation during same time until February 1895 has been chiefly that of a bookseller-Stationer, same business I was in when I enlisted in April 18th. .. I was in camp near Shiloh Church Tenn after the great battle there until taken in an ambulance to the hospital steamer I think it was the bad air of the battlefield that gave me the disease that came so near killing me. Shortly before I fell sick I was on guard all day and all night under a continuous heavy rain . I was so prostrated that I had to learn to walk anew by very short journeys resting at each end I gained a little on the river rested in hospital at Cincinnati got strong enough to travel by re? and reached home in a very feeble condition .Surgeon P. A. Willis and Asst. Surgeon A. A. Johnson of my own regiment who treated me in the field are both deceased, Contract Surgeon Dr. Alcorn, Rootstown, Ohio who treated me at Shiloh Church and put me on the hospital steamer died some years after the war. Dr. A. E. Wigton who treated me at home when attacked with hepatitis and Surgeon T. B. Williams 121 OVI who was called in consultation with him are both deceased. Dr. W. A. McCracken who first treated me after discharge after the war is also deceased . I would respectfully ask the special attention of the examiner to the affidavits filed in the case of Dr. H. E. Evans and Mrs. Evaline E. Thurson who have known me continuously since the war to the present time and had good opportunities to know about my disability."
- Applicant's Affidavit 8/18/1896: "During my sickness contracted in the army, I was treated by Assistant Surgeon A. A. Johnsen, 48th OVI and Surgeon Phyn A. Willis, 48th OVI and Contract Surgeon Alcorn? Of Ohio who came to us soon after the battle of Shiloh who firt me on the hospital steamer that brought me up the Ohio River, all of whom are now deceased. While at home in 1862 I was treated by Dr. A. E. Wigton of Delaware, OH and Dr. T. B. Williams late surgeon 121st Ovi both of whom are now deceased. Soon after my discharge from the army I was treated by Dr. W. A. McCracken who was a surgeon or assistant surgeon of our Ohio Regiment who gave me a prescription for my stomach trouble billiousness and constipation of the bowels which I took to a drugstore and got filled and left it on file and was accustomed to get it refilled and use the medicines for a long time when the stomach troubles recurred. Dr. McCracken is now deceased. I was also treated by Surgeon T. B. Williams 121st OVI now deceased soon after the war at Delaware, O. for stomach and other troubles contracted in the army.
- Thomas R. Leegood? Sept. 3, 1897 County Union, State, Ohio - Was a member of Company B, 48th Ohio Inf. And served in the same company and regiment with the claimant in the field in 1862 and 1863. - remembers him rejoining the unit at Fort Pickering near Memphis, Tenn in the fall or late in the summer of 1862.
- Benj? A. Fordyce, late Asst Surgeon 160 NYV Union Springs, NY Feb. 27th, 1868: "This is the certify that after my capture on the 8th day of April 1864 at the battle of Sabine Cross Roads near Mansfield, LA in the Red River expedition under Gen. Banks, I was put in charge of a portion of our wounded Union officers and soldiers who were also prisoners among the Rebels - Among those who came under my charge was Lt. Col. J. W. Lindsey of the 48th Ohio VVI wounded in the middle third of the right arm by a pistol or small rifle bullet the ball remaining in the wound - I removed the ball some ten or twelve days after the battle. The Col. Was under my care until our exchange on the 17th of June."
- (possibly same as George L. Byers) "Captain Joseph W. Lindsey of the 48th Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, having applied for a certificate on which to ground an application for leave of absence, I do hereby certify that I have carefully examined this officer, and having had him under treatment at various times, and been personally acquainted with the condition of his health for several months past find that about the 22nd of April last, at Camp Shiloh, having been wounded in battle on the 6th of April previously he was seized with a typho-bilions attack by which he was in a few days utterly prostrated. He was sent home on the Hospital Steamer Silver Moon and having partially recovered he was again thrown upon his bed by a relapse about six weeks after his first attack. Having somewhat recovered from this relapse about 2 weeks later he was seized with a violent attack of acute hepatitus, by which he was again much reduced in a short time, and which has since become chronic and from which he is still suffering. He was examined by the Board of Surgeons at Camp Chase, O and found unfit for duty for 30 days from Aug 4th. He rejoined his regiment August 26th in a very feeble state of health. The regiment being then in garrison at Ft. Pickering and good quarters attainable. By careful treatment his health considerably improved during the autumn and early part of the winter. For a month previous to leaving Memphis with the Mississippi Expedition his duties were exceedingly laborious, he having been assigned to the command of the Convalescent Hospital Camp at Ft. Pickering and during the operations against Vicksburg and at Post Arkansas he was much exposed to the inclining? Of the weather having done picket duty under several heavy rainstorms. About the 18th of January he was attacked with intermittent fever, on board the transport "City of Alton", since when he has been the greater part of the time kept upon his bed and from the effect of which combined with chronic hepatitis and chronic diarrhea he is still suffering. He is subject to frequent bilions attacks incident to a diseased state of the liver, requiring the use of catharties, twice or three times a month and sometimes as often as once a week. He is also much troubled with an eruptive disease of blood, a concomitant of the fevers he has had. And that, in consequence thereof he is, in my opinion, unfit for duty. His ability to do active duty in the field, for any considerable length of time thereafter, is in my opinion doubtful, but I believe that he might, after sufficient time for rest and recuperation, render the government efficient service in any Department where he could have shelter and avoid lying out at night. I therefore recommend that he be granted leave of absence sixty days or be discharged the service for disability " (same dialogue continues with statement of George L. Byers below)
- George L. Byers Feb. 30, 1863 Station Young's Point, LA: I George L. Byers late 1st Lieut. Co. B 48th OVVI hereby certify that I served in Co. B 48th OVI from the fall of 1861 until the close of the war and that I was present with said company and regiment at Shiloh, Tenn. At Fort Pickering near Memphis Tenn. At Arkansas Post Ark at Young's Point, LA and on the transport Steamer City of Alton and that I have carefully read the foregoing statement in regard to the sickness and disability of Joseph W. Lindsey late lieut Col. 48th Ohio VVI at times and places therein mentioned and that I know of my own personal knowledge from my recollection of the facts and circumstances of the case that this statement gives a true and correct account of his sickness prior and during the date thereof and that soon thereafter on removal of the regiment to a better camp at Milliken's Bend LA his health somewhat improved and he gave u? the therein ? leave of absence and remained with his regiment until after the fall of Vicksburgh and Jackson, Miss. In 1863 before getting leave of absence and also that I am not interested in the prosecution of his claim for pension."
- John D. Nevins, aged 52, resident of Glassborn, County of Gloucester, State of New Jersey - "I served in the same company F 48th OVVI with Joseph W. Lindsey who was then Captain thereof in the year 1862. I was 1st sergeant and afterward second lieutenant in said company and regiment. I know that he was wounded in the Battle of Shiloh, Tenn. On the 6th day of April 1862 and that a few days thereafter at the same place he fell sick with a severe attack of fever followed by liver troubles on account of which he was sent up the river on a hospital boat to Cincinnati and thence home where he was under medical treatment for several months after which he rejoined his regiment at Memphis, Tenn. Late in the summer of 1862 in feeble health and suffered with camp diarrhea and other diseases contracted in service and line of duty. I live in the same town with him Delaware, Ohio his at home during same time on account of being myself wounded at Shiloh and returned to regiment in company with him."
- John F. Spence, late Chaplain 48th Ohio Vol. Infantry, aged 65, resident of Knoxville in the county of Knox, Tennessee - " Were students together at college. I was chaplain of his regiment. I was with him and visited him at Camp Shiloh, Tenn. I found him very sick with fever, and was left in hospital at camp and after was sent up the river on a hospital boat, and was unable to return to the regiment for several months on acct of prolonged sickness. Before the war I knew him to be a strong healthy man. I have met him frequently since the war and he always complained that he had not recovered from the disease he contracted at Shiloh in 1862 ."
Other Delaware residents mentioned:
Witnesses (Rec'd Feb 15, 1902) : Mame Parks and Ethel Richey; E. Lee Porterfield Probate Judge
The Oak Grove Cemetery Co, Delaware, Ohio: Jan. 30th, 1924 - Preparing Grave, for Adelia E. Lindsey $10.00; Chapel Service $3.00