Sgt. Joseph Pine Carson
Company D, 48 OVVI

by Gerald W. Carson
Tyler, Texas


Joseph Pine Carson was born, 9 Jan 1836. His family had settled in Green Township, Ohio. He lived and worked on the family farm from then to his marriage, 14 Nov 1854, to Helen Esther Bailey, [the natural daughter of James Miner Bailey and Olive Hand Bailey. ref. Thomas Arthur Hay, Martin Genealogy, Vol. I, (14 March 1911)].

By the time Joseph was mustered into the 48th OVI Reg’t, he and Helen had 3 children and were farming near Fayette, Ohio. Enlisted as a private Oct 1861, he was promoted to sergeant Nov 1861. Sergeant Carson participated in the 48th’s various campaigns, battles, and related activities. During the Siege of Vicksburg, he was incapacitated with a hernia sustained while building siege fortifications.

Despite the disability, Sgt Carson continued to serve and upon the termination of his initial 3-year enlistment was re-enlisted. (The military always seems to develop a blind eye to disabilities when faced with war or other necessities.)

At the Battle of Pleasant Hill, Sgt Carson was captured along with most of his unit to be held as POW, at Camp Ford, Tyler, TX. Upon his exchange, Sgt Carson was categorized supernumerary when the 48th was combined with the 83rd Volunteer Ohio Infantry. Joseph returned to farming and shortly moved the family to homestead in OK. He farmed there till his death in 1915. He was preceded in death by Helen in 1914.

Like many of the POWs in Camp Ford, Joseph carved a cow’s horn with data regarding date of capture, location, etc. An interesting aside is that Joseph etched his POW camp’s location as Mansfield, Texas. It is assumed that he was confused because he was captured during the campaign by General Banks to “free” Texas. That horn, currently restored for preservation, is in the family’s possession.

Even though pensioned as completely disabled, Joseph and Helen had six children after his discharge from the army.

Carved in Camp Ford Prison, Tyler, Texas



Return to the 48th OVVI Veterans Page